Dental implants are titanium screws that mimic the roots of missing or removed teeth. After installation, they integrate with the jaw over a period of 6-12 weeks, and a crown or prosthesis is placed once they anchor securely.
Though dental implants, especially single implants, are overwhelmingly successful, there are still complications that can result from the surgery.
Complications Following Surgery
During recovery period, there’s a chance the surgical site could become infected, though the severity of this can be mitigated by pre-operative antibiotics. Excessive bleeding may occur. Fewer than 5% of patients experience flap breakdown.
Your implant may also fail to integrate in the weeks between implantation and prosthesis placement. Your dentist will look at factors like pain levels, mobility, bleeding and bone condition to determine the success of your implant. Several factors can contribute to implant failure, such as poor oral hygiene, bone quality and the skill of the operator. However, the rate of failure is only 1-6%, so it’s unlikely you’ll experience this.
Long Term Complications
The presence or absence of long term complications after dental implant sergury is determined to the patient’s own risk factors and technology used.
The patient may have poor oral hygiene, unusual jaw and tooth shapes and missing or failing bone mass. Patients that grind their teeth may increase the chance of damaging their implants. A patient’s unrealistic expectations of surgery results may also pay a role in implant problems.
These risks can be exacerbated by the quality of the dental implant. A dental implant may be less able to support a prosthetic in an unusually shaped jaw, so implants may not act as well as natural teeth. Poor crown-to-root ratios may also make it difficult to create implants that last.
Low-diameter implants like dental mini implants may be more at risk for bio-mechanical failure, especially in conjunction with low bone concentration. Poorly-made implants may also fracture or disconnect from their crowns. Peri-implantitis only occurs in 9.7% of patients with single-crown implants.
Talk to your dentist if you’re concerned about these complications. However, 96.8% of implants are successful, so the chance for severe complication is still incredibly low. Don’t let fear get in the way of your new smile! More.
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