People who have lost their teeth are good candidates for implants. Some diseases may, however, determine whether the implants will fuse to your bone or not. Those diseases or conditions may include uncontrolled diabetes, radiation to the jaws, cancer, alcoholism, smoking, and uncontrolled gum disease. It is, therefore, crucial to inform your dentist of any past or present medical status and medications that you may be currently taking. Before implants are placed, the dentist first adopts a detailed assessment of a patient’s stomato-gnathic system, which mainly determines how the teeth function. This includes the compilation of records concerning the mouth obtained through specialized radio graphs. This analysis ensures that the implant is placed in its exact position to the bone.
How bones are preserved to support implants
At a time of tooth loss, grafting a bone into the sockets where the tooth had been extracted helps in maintaining the volume of the bone that will be essential for an implant placement. Currently, surgical techniques are available that allow the bone to re-grow thus providing the required bone substance for supporting the implant. Bones always need stimulation so as to stay healthy. The implants fuse to the bone thus providing the needed stability that ensures there is no further bone loss. Resorption is an unavoidable process that involves the loss of the bone because it is no longer sustaining teeth. Implants preserve the bone thus ensuring the appropriate density of the bone is maintained.
How implants are placed
It takes a dental team to be able to assess and plan accurately for an implant placement, which involves the bridgework or dentures and fabrication of the crowns. The team may consist of a periodontist, oral surgeon, restorative dentist, and a dental laboratory technician who is mostly involved in the fabrication of the implants. The implants are typically placed through a surgical procedure whereby channels are created in the jawbone. This is followed by fitting the implants such that they are in intimate contact with the bone. Six months are required for the implants to fuse with the bone before they can have tooth restorations attached to them.
How implants differ from teeth
Although implants may look, function, and feel like real teeth, it should be noted that they are completely different. The primary difference is how they attach to the surrounding bone, how they do respond to dental disease, and also in their repair and maintenance. Teeth attach to the adjoining bone through the periodontal ligaments, which is made up of collagen fibers, but the implants fuse to the bone in a direct manner. Gum tissue connect to the root part of real teeth while the gum tissues can only stick to the exterior part of the implants. Teeth are susceptible to decay as well as the need for a root canal therapy, but the dental implants do not decay and also do not need a root canal therapy because they are made of metals.
In case you are considering an implant, it is advisable that you visit your dentist first for an advice.
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